Liite:Englannin kielen epäsäännölliset verbit

Wikisanakirjasta
Siirry navigaatioon Siirry hakuun

Luettelo englannin kielen epäsäännöllisistä verbeistä taivutuksineen.

Infinitiivi Imperfekti Perfektipartisiippi
arise arose [-oŭ-] arisen [-ˈɹɪ.zn̩]
awake awoke [-oŭ-] / awaked [~t] awoken [-oŭ.kn̩] / awaked
be was [wʌz] / were [wɝ] been [bin, bɪn]
bear bore [-ɔ̹-] born [-ɔ̹ɹn] ('syntynyt') / borne [-ɔ̹ɹn] ('kantanut')
beat beat beaten [ˈ~.tn̩] / beat
become became [-.-ei-] become
befall befell [-.-ɛ-] befallen [~ln̩]
beget begot [-.-ɑ-] / begat [-.-æ-] begot / begotten [-.-ɑ.tn̩]
begin began [-.-æ-] begun [-.-ʌ-]
behold beheld [-.-ɛ-] beheld
bend bent [-t] bent
bereave bereft [-.-ɛft] / bereaved [~d] bereaved
beseech besought [-.-ɑt] / beseeched [~t] besought / beseeched
beset beset beset
bespeak bespoke [-.-oŭ-] bespoke / bespoken [-.-oŭ.kn̩]
bestrew bestrewed [~d] bestrewed / bestrewn [~n]
bet bet / betted [ˈ~.tɪ̆d] bet / betted
bethink bethought [-.θɑt] bethought
bid ('huutaa huutokaupassa') bid bid
bid ('tervehtiä') bade [-ei-] / bid bidden [ˈ~.dn̩] / bid
bide bode [-oŭ-] / bided [ˈ~.dɪd] bided
bind bound [-æɔ̹-] bound
bite bit [-ɪ-] bitten [ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
bleed bled [-ɛ-] bled
blend blent [~t] (BrE) / blended [ˈ~.dɪd] blended
bless blest (BrE) / blessed [mole., ~t] blessed
blow blew [-uː] blown [~n]
break broke [-oŭ-] broken [ˈ-oŭ.kn̩]
breastfeed breastfed [-.-ɛ-] breastfed
breed bred [-ɛ-] bred
bring brought [-ɑt] brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
browbeat browbeat browbeat / browbeaten [~.tn̩]
build built [-t] built
burn burnt [~t] / burned [~d] burnt / burned
burst burst burst
bust busted [ˈ~.tɪd] / bust busted / bust
buy bought [-ɑt] bought
cast cast cast
catch caught [-ɑt] caught
chide chid [-ɪ-] / chided chid / chidden [ˈ-ɪ.dn̩] / chided
choose chose [-oŭ-] chosen [ˈ-oŭ.zn̩]
cleave cleft [-ɛft] / clove [-oŭvd] / cleaved [~d] cleft / cleaved / cloven
cling clung [-ʌ-] clung
come came [-ei-] come
cost (intransitiivinen) cost cost
cost (transitiivinen) costed [ˈ~.tɪd] costed
creep crept [-ɛpt] crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt [-ɛɫt] dealt
dig dug [-ʌ-] dug
dive ('harrastaa t. harjoittaa sukellusta') dived [~d] dived
dive ('sukeltaa veteen') dove [-oŭ-] / dived [~d] (AmE) dived
do did [-ɪd] done [-ʌn]
draw drew [-u] drawn [~n]
dream dreamt [-ɛmt] (BrE) / dreamed [~d] dreamt (BrE) / dreamed
drink drank [-æ-] drunk [-ʌ-]
drive drove [-oŭ-] driven [ˈ-ɪ.vn̩]
dwell dwelt [~t] (BrE) / dwelled [~d] dwelt (BrE) / dwelled
eat ate [ei-] eaten [ˈ~.tn̩]
fall fell [-ɛ-] fallen [ˈ~.ln̩]
feed fed [-ɛ-] fed
feel felt [-ɛɫt] felt
fight fought [-ɑ-] fought
find found [-æɔ̹-] found
fit ('olla sopiva') fit fit
fit ('sovittaa') fit / fitted [ˈ~.tɪd] fit / fitted
flee fled [-ɛd] fled
fling flung [-ʌ-] flung
fly flew [-uː] / flied [~d] flown [-oŭn] / flied
forbid forbade [-.-ei-] / forbad [-.-æ-] forbidden [~.dn̩]
forecast forecast / forecasted (AmE) [~.tɪd] forecast / forecasted
forego (tai: forgo) forewent [-.wɛ̆nt] foregone [-.ɑn]
foreknow foreknew [-.-uː] foreknown [~n]
forerun foreran [-.-æ-] forerun
foresee foresaw [-.-ɑ] foreseen [~n]
forespeak forespoke [-.-oŭ-] forespoken [-.ˈ-oŭ.kn̩]
foreshow foreshowed [~d] foreshown [~n] / foreshowed
foretell foretold [-.-ɔ̹ɫd] foretold
forget forgot [-.-ɑ-] forgotten] [-.ˈ-ɑ.tn̩]
forgive forgave [-.-ei-] forgiven [~.vn̩]
forsake forsook [-.-ʊ-] forsaken [~.kn̩]
forswear forswore [-.-ɔ̹ɹ] forsworn [-.-ɔ̹ɹn]
freeze froze [-oŭ-] frozen [ˈ-oŭ.zn̩]
geld gelt [-t] / gelded [ˈ~.dɪd] gelt / gelded
get got [-ɑ-] got / gotten [ˈ-ɑ.tn̩] (AmE)
ghostwrite ghostwrote [-.-oŭ-] ghostwritten [ˈ-.-ɪ.tn̩]
gild gilt [-t] / gilded [ˈ~.dɪd] gilt / gilded
give gave [-ei-] given [ˈ~.vn̩]
go went [wɛ̆nt] gone [-ɑn]
grave graved [~d] graven [ˈ~.vn̩] / graved
grind ground [-æɔ̹-] ground
grow grew [-uː] grown [~n]
handwrite handwrote [-.-oŭ-] handwritten [-.ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
hang ('roikkua') hung [-ʌ-] hung
hang ('hirttää') hanged [~d] / hung [-ʌ-] hanged / hung
have had [-d] had
hear heard [-ɝd] heard
heave heaved [~d] / hove [-oŭ-] heaved / hove
hide hid [-ɪ-] hidden [ˈ-ɪ.dn̩]
hit hit hit
hold held [-ɛ-] held
housesit housesat [-.-æ-] housesat
hurt hurt hurt
input input input
inset inset inset
interbreed interbred [-.-.-ɛ-] interbred
interweave interwove [-.-.-oŭ-] interwoven [-.-.ˈ-oŭ.vn̩]
keep kept [-ɛpt] kept
kneel knelt [-ɛɫt] / kneeled [~d] (AmE) knelt / kneeled (AmE)
knit knit / knitted [ˈ~.tɪd] knit / knitted
know knew [-uː] known [~n]
lay (vrt. lie) laid [~d] laid
lead led [-ɛ-] led
lean leant [~t] (BrE) / leaned [~d] leant (BrE) / leaned
leap leapt [-ɛpt] / leaped [~d] leapt / leaped
learn learnt [~t] (BrE) / learned [~d] learnt (BrE) / learned
leave left [-ɛft] left
lend lent [-t] lent
let let let
lie (vrt. lay) lay [-ei] lain [-ein]
light lit [-ɪ-] / lighted [ˈ~.tɪd] lit / lighted
lose lost [-ɑst] lost
make made [-d] made
mean meant [-ɛnt] meant
meet met [-ɛ-] met
mishear misheard [-.-ɝd] misheard
mislay mislaid [~d] mislaid
mislead misled [-.-ɛ-] misled
misread misread [-.-ɛ-] misread
misspell misspelt [~t] (BrE) / misspelled [~d] misspelt (BrE) / misspelled
mistake mistook [-.-ʊ-] mistaken [~.kn̩]
misunderstand misunderstood [-.-.-.-ʊd] misunderstood
mow mowed [~d] mown [~n] (BrE) / mowed ('AmE)
outbid outbid outbid
outdo outdid [-.-ɪd] outdone [-.-ʌn]
outgrow outgrew [-.-uː] outgrown [~n]
outrun outran [-.-æ–] outrun
outsell outsold [-.-ɔ̹ɫd] outsold
overcast overcast overcast
overcome overcame [-.-.-ei-] overcome
overdo overdid [-.-.-ɪd] overdone [-.-.-ʌn]
overdraw overdrew [-.-.-uː] overdrawn [~n]
overeat overate [-.-.ei-] overeaten [~.tn̩]
overhang overhung [-.-.-ʌ-] overhung
overhear overheard [-.-.-ɝd] overheard
overlay (vrt. overlie) overlaid [~d] overlaid
overlie (vrt. overlay) overlay [-.-.-ei] overlain [-.-.-ein]
overpay overpaid [~d] overpaid
override overrode [-.-.-oŭ-] overridden [-.-.ˈ-ɪ.dn̩]
overrun overran [-.-.-æ-] overrun
oversee oversaw [-.-.-ɑ] overseen [~n]
oversell oversold [-.-.-ɔ̹ɫd] oversold
overshoot overshot [-.-.-ɑ-] overshot
oversleep overslept [-.-.-ɛpt] overslept
overtake overtook [-.-.-ʊ-] overtaken [~.kn̩]
overthrow overthrew [-.-.-uː] overthrown [~n]
partake partook [-.-ʊ-] partaken [~.kn̩]
pay paid [~d] paid
pen ('kynäillä') penned [~d] penned
pen ('sulkea') penned / pent [~t] penned / pent
plead pled [-ɛ-] / pleaded [ˈ~.dɪd] pled / pleaded
preset preset preset
proofread proofread [-.-ɛ-] proofread
prove proved [~d] proved / proven [ˈ-.vn̩] (AmE)
put put put
quit quit / quitted [ˈ~.tɪd] quit / quitted
read read [-ɛ-] read
rebind rebound [-.-æɔ̹-] rebound
rebuild rebuilt [-.-t] rebuilt
recast recast recast
redo redid [-.-ɪd] redone [-.-ʌn]
relay relaid [~d] relaid
remake remade [-.-d] remade
rend rent [-t] (BrE) / rended [ˈ~.dɪd] (AmE) rent (BrE) / rended (AmE)
repay repaid [~d] repaid
rerun reran [-.-æ-] rerun
resell resold [-.-ɔ̹ɫd] resold
reset reset reset
rethink rethought [-.-ɑt] rethought
rewind rewound [-.-æɔ̹-] rewound
rewrite rewrote [-.-oŭ-] rewritten [-.ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
rid rid rid
ride rode [-oŭ-] ridden [ˈ-ɪ.dn̩]
ring rang [-æ-] rung [-ʌ-]
rise rose [-oŭ-] risen [ˈ-ɪ.zn̩]
run ran [-æ-] run
saw sawed [~d] sawed / sawn [~n]
say said [-ɛd] said
see saw [-ɑ] seen [~n]
seek sought [-ɑt] sought
seethe seethed [~d] / sod [-ɑd] (vanhahtava) seethed / sodden [ˈ-ɑ.dn̩] (vanhahtava)
sell sold [-ɔ̹ɫd] sold
send sent [-t] sent
set set set
sew sewed [~d] sewn [~n] / sewed
shake shook [-ʊ-] shaken [ˈ~.kn̩]
shall should [~ʊd] should
shave shaved [~d] shaved / shaven [ˈ~.vn̩]
shear sheared [~d] shorn [-ɔ̹ɹn] / sheared
shed shed shed
shine (intransitiivinen) shone [-oŭ-] / shined [~d] shone / shined
shine (transitiivinen) shined [~] shined
shit shit / shat [-æ-] (BrE) shit / shat (BrE)
shoe shoed [~d] shoed / shod [-ɑd]
shoot shot [-ɑt] shot
show showed [~d] shown [~n] / showed
shrink shrank [-æ-] / shrunk [-ʌ-] (BrE) shrunk / shrunken [ˈ-ʌŋ.kn̩] (BrE)
shut shut shut
sing sang [-æ-] sung [-ʌ-]
sink sank [-æ-] sunk [-ʌ-]
sit sat [-æ-] sat
slay slew [-uː] slain [~n]
sleep slept [-ɛpt] slept
slide slid [-ɪ-] slid
sling slung [-ʌ-] slung
slit slit slit
smell smelt [~t] / smelled [~d] (AmE) smelt / smelled (AmE)
smite smote [-oŭ-] smitten [ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
sneak snuck [ʌ] / sneaked [~d] (AmE) snuck / sneaked (AmE)
sow sowed [~d] sowed / sown [~n]
speak spoke [-oŭ-] spoken [ˈ-oŭ.kn̩]
speed sped [-ɛ-] / speeded [ˈ~.dɪd] (AmE) sped / speeded (AmE)
spell spelt [~t] / spelled [~d] (AmE) spelt / spelled (AmE)
spend spent [-t] spent
spill spilled [~d] / spilt [~t] spilled / spilt
spin spun [-ʌ-] / span [-æ-] (AusE) spun
spit spat [-æ-] / spit (AmE) spat / spit (AmE)
split split split
spoil spoiled [~d] / spoilt [~t] spoiled / spoilt
spoon-feed spoon-fed [-.-ɛ-] spoon-fed
spread spread spread
spring sprang [-æ-] / sprung [-ʌ-] (AmE) sprung
stand stood [-ʊd] stood
steal stole [-ɔ̹-] stolen [ˈ-ɔ̹.ln̩]
stick stuck [-ʌ-] stuck
sting stung [-ʌ-] stung
stink stank [-æ-] / stunk [-ʌ-] stunk
strew strewed [~d] strewn [~n] / strewed
stride strode [-oŭ-] stridden [ˈ-ɪ.dn̩]
strike ('poistaa') struck [-ʌ-] stricken [ˈ-ɪ.kn̩]
strike ('iskeä') struck struck / stricken
string strung [-ʌ-] strung
strive strove [-oŭ-] / strived [~d] striven [ˈ-ɪ.vn̩] / strived
swear swore [-ɔ̹-] sworn [-ɔ̹ɹn]
sweep swept [-ɛpt] swept
swell swelled [~d] swollen [ˈ-ɔ̹.ln̩] / swelled
swim swam [-æ-] swum [-ʌ-]
swing swung [-ʌ-] swung
take took [-ʊ-] taken [ˈ-ei.kn̩]
teach taught [-ɑt] taught
tear tore [-ɔ̹-] torn [-ɔ̹ɹn]
tell told [-ɔ̹ɫd] told
think thought [-ɑt] thought
thrive thrived [~d] / throve [-oŭ-] (AmE) thrived / thriven [ˈ-ɪ.vn̩] (AmE)
throw threw [-uː] thrown [-oŭn]
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod [-ɑ-] trodden [ˈ-ɑ.dn̩] / trod
unbind unbound [-.-æɔ̹-] unbound
undergo underwent [-.-.wɛnt] undergone [-.-.-ɑn]
underlie underlay [-.-.-ei] underlain [-.-.-ein]
understand understood [-.-.-ʊd] understood
undertake undertook [-.-.-ʊ-] undertaken [ˈ~.kn̩]
underwrite underwrote [-.-.-oŭ-] underwritten [-.-.ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
undo undid [-.-ɪd] undone [-.-ʌn]
unwind unwound [-.-æɔ̹-] unwound
uphold upheld [-.-ɛ-] upheld
upset upset upset
wake woke [-oŭ-] / waked [~d] woken [ˈ-oŭ.kn̩] / waked
waken woke / wakened [~d] woken
waylay waylaid [~d] waylaid
wear wore [-ɔ̹-] worn [-ɔ̹ɹn]
weave wove [-oŭ-] woven [ˈ-oŭ.vn̩]
wed wed / wedded [ˈ~.dɪd] wed / wedded
weep wept [-ɛpt] wept
wend went [-t] went
wet wet / wetted [ˈ~.tɪd] wet / wetted
win won [-ʌ-] won
wind wound [-æɔ̹-] wound
withdraw withdrew [-.-uː] withdrawn [~n]
withhold withheld [-.-ɛ-] withheld
withstand withstood [-.-ʊd] withstood
work worked [~d] / wrought [ɹɑt] worked / wrought
wring wrung [-ʌ-] wrung
write wrote [-oŭ-] written [ˈ-ɪ.tn̩]
  • AmE = amerikanenglantia (näin merkitty muoto on joko harvinainen t. virheellinen brittienglannissa)
  • AusE = australianenglantia
  • BrE = brittienglantia (näin merkitty muoto on joko harvinainen t. virheellinen amerikanenglannissa)